Welcome to Dakshin Surma College
Educational institutions in the form of a school or academy have existed in many civilizations. The earliest were in Mesopotamia during the 3rd milennium BC. In Sparta, the Agoge was the name for an educational institution. Its origins are thought to
be between the 7th and 6th century BC, for both men and women. Rome followed around the 3rd century BC with their rhetoric schools. Ancient China also had Shuyuan academies while ancient India had Gurukuk schools.
The origin of the college, as distinct from a school or academy, arose with the madrasah of the medieval Islamic world. The madrasah was an Islamic college of law and theology, usually affiliated with a mosque, and is funded by a charitable trust known as Waaf, the origin of the trust law.
The internal organization of the first European colleges was borrowed
from the earlier madrasahs, being funded by trusts and featuring a
system of fellows and scholars , with the Latin term for fellow, socius, being a direct translation of the Arabic term for fellow, sahib.
While philosophy and the rational sciences were often excluded from a madrasah's
this varied among different institutions, with some only choosing to
teach the "religious sciences", and others teaching both the religious
and the "rational sciences", usually . Some madrasahs further extended their curriculum